Oil Painting


Oil painting is one of the main types of Western paintings. It has the characteristics of rich colors, delicate and lifelike pictures, strong three-dimensionality, and wide range of subjects. Oil paintings have certain collection value, artistic research value, aesthetic value, social value, etc., which can reflect society, Life, education, different nationalities, different countries, etc.

1. The oil painting uses oil paint or acrylic paint, the paint has high viscosity, strong covering ability and many colors. When painting oil paintings, you also need to use media agents: toning oil, triple oil, turpentine, glazing oil and so on.

2. Oil paintings are generally painted on canvas or wooden boards. They have rich expressive power and can create three-dimensional pictures on flat objects with a strong visual sense.

3. Oil painting is the main painting method in the history of Western painting. Oil painting has the characteristics of rich colors, thickness, and luster, which is very suitable for expressing texture and sense of space. The paint has strong covering ability and will not turn over the background color in painting. . When painting oil paintings, you usually start with dark colors first, then paint intermediate colors, then use light or bright colors, and press up the colors from deep to shallow layers. Therefore, in oil paintings, the brighter the paint, the thicker the paint.

4. Oil paintings are painted with oily pigments, which do not change much between dry and wet. The colors of oil paints are bright and bright, and the styles that can be expressed are various. The pigments are rich in color, strong in adhesion, and can maintain gloss for a long time after drying.

5. Oil paintings are difficult to preserve. They need to be stored in a stable environment. The humidity and temperature should not fluctuate too much. The oil paintings will oxidize and fall off according to the changes in the environment.

6. The techniques of oil painting are: rubbing, swinging, kneading, sweeping, dragging, dots, etc., which can express the relationship between light and shade in a very delicate manner and exquisitely portray details, and can also use rough colors to express the texture of the object.

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